GUIDED READING The Cold War Heats Up
A. As you read this section, fill out the chart below by writing answers to the
questions in the appropriate boxes.
Civil War in China
1. Which side did the United States support, and why?
The United States supported the Nationalists because they opposed communism.
2. What did the United States do to affect the outcome of the war?
The United States sent $2 billion worth of military equipment and supplies.
3. What was the outcome of the war?
The aid was not enough to support the Nationalists and the Nationalists fled to Taiwan.
4. How did the American public react to that outcome, and why?
The American public was stunned that China had become Communist
Civil War in Korea
B. On the back of this paper, explain the significance of each of the following terms
Mao Zedong: Leader of Communists in China
Chiang Kai-shek: Leader of Nationalists in China
Taiwan (Formosa): Where Chiang fled after war
38th parallel: (38 North latitude) Japanese troops north of it surrendered to the Soviets